Gross Motor Control

Gross motor skills involve movements using the large muscles of the body. They include things like running, jumping, catching and throwing balls, and other large muscle activities. Good gross motor skills are essential, because the body develops from large moments such as control of the arms and the legs, to small, isolated movements that include the hands and fingers. Without reasonable gross motor control, it can be difficult for children to move onto developing the fine motor skills.

Fine Motor Control

Feb13 003For your child to be successful at reading and writing s/he needs to have strength in their hands, arms, stomach and backs.  To become successful writers they must be able to:

          • Hold a pencil for a period of time without becoming tired, or complaining their arm is hurting
          • Sit in a chair with feet flat on the floor, backs straight and opposite arm resting on the table to help support them without slouching or wriggling around
          • Sit on the mat without losing focus or wriggling around

This is the ideal pencil grip with the thumb, index and middle fingers holding the pencil. Those three fingers can moveimages freely during writing because the ring and little finger are curled gently into the palm, giving the hand stability. Read more about correct pencil holds here. The following link provides examples of activities you can do with your child to develop fine and gross motor control.